常用中小學英文單字1000字

2015-12-09
編輯: 兒童期(6-11歲) 暫無評論
Primary English Lesson

孩子能學好英文,是毎個家長的期望。這篇《常用中小學英文單字1000字》,正是要幫助小學生藉著學習英文單字來提高英文水平。

本字彙表之制定係參考多種字彙來源,包括台灣教育部發布之「國民中學課程標準」參考字彙表、韓國小學課程綱要參考字彙、上海九年制課程綱要詞彙表、日本初中英語教材常用字彙、數種國內外兒童英語教材常用字彙,以及大學入學考試中心公佈之高中英文參考詞彙表中之最常用詞彙,和 Collins COBUILD 最新字典所制定之最常用英文字彙表(該字典是根據The Bank of English語料庫編制的),綜合彙整,輸進電腦,建立一詞庫及字頻表後,並參考美國、英國、南非、及日本等國最常用英文字彙,最後再依中小學階段學生之生活經驗,及其學習英語之目標,與外語學習環境等因素加以篩選調整完成。

A ─ 49 個
a (an), a few, a little, a lot, able, about, above, afraid, after, afternoon, again, age, ago, agree, air, airplane (plane), airport, all, almost, along, already, also, always, a.m., America, American, and, angry, animal, another, answer, any, anyone (anybody), anything, apartment, appear, apple, April, arm, around, arrive, art, as, ask, at, August, aunt, autumn (fall), away

B ─ 79 個
baby, back, bad, bag, bakery, ball, banana, band, bank, baseball, basket, basketball, bath, bathroom, be (am, are, is, was, were, been), beach, bear, beautiful, because, become, bed, bedroom, bee, beef, before, begin, behind, believe, bell, belong, below, belt, beside, between, bicycle (bike), big, bird, birthday, bite, black, blackboard, blind, block, blow, blue, boat, body, book, bookstore, bored, boring, born, borrow, boss, both, bottle, bottom, bowl, box, boy, bread, break, breakfast, bridge, bright, bring, brother, brown, brush, build, burn, bus, business, businessman, busy, but, butter, buy, by

C ─ 79 個
cake, call, camera, camp, can (could), candy, cap, car, card, care, careful, carry, case, cat, catch, celebrate, cell phone, cent, center, chair, chalk, chance, change, cheap, cheat, check, cheer, cheese, chicken, child, China, Chinese, chocolate, chopsticks, Christmas, church, circle, city, class, classmate, classroom, clean, clear, climb, clock, close, clothes, cloudy, club, coat, coffee, Coke, cold, collect, color, come, comfortable, comic, common, computer, convenient, cook, cookie, cool, copy, correct, cost, couch, count, country, cousin, cover, cow, crazy, cross, cry, cup, cut, cute

D ─ 39
dance, dangerous, dark, date, daughter, day, dead, dear, December, decide, delicious, department store, desk, dictionary, die, different, difficult, dig, dining room, dinner, dirty, dish, do (does, did, done), doctor (Dr.), dog, doll, dollar, door, down, dozen, draw, dream, dress, drink, drive, driver, drop, dry, during

E ─ 41 個
each, ear, early, earth, east, easy, eat, egg, eight, eighteen, eighth, eighty, either, elementary school, elephant, eleven, else, e-mail, end, English, enjoy, enough, enter, eraser, eve, even, evening, ever, every, everyone (everybody), everything, example, excellent, except, excited, exciting, excuse, exercise, expensive, experience, eye

F ─ 59 個
face, fact, factory, fall, family, famous, fan, farm, farmer, fast, fat, father (dad, daddy), favorite, February, feel, festival, few, fifteen, fifth, fifty, fill, finally, find, fine, finger, finish, fire, first, fish, fisherman, five, fix, floor, flower, fly, follow, food, foot, for, foreign, foreigner, forget, fork, forty, four, fourteen, fourth, free, fresh, Friday, friend, friendly, from, front, fruit, full, fun, funny, future

G ─ 26 個
game, garbage, garden, gas, get, gift, girl, give, glad, glass, glove, go, goat, good, good-bye (goodbye, bye), grade, grandfather (grandpa), grandmother (grandma), grass, gray, great, green, ground, group, grow, guess

H ─ 54 個
habit, hair, half, ham, hamburger, hand, handsome, happen, happy, hard, hard-working, hat, hate, have (has, had), he (him, his, himself), head, headache, health, healthy, hear, heart, heat, heavy, hello, help, helpful, here, hi, hide, high, hill, history, hit, hobby, hold, holiday, home, homework, honest, hope, horse, hospital, hot, hot dog, hotel, hour, house, how, however, hundred, hungry, hurry, hurt, husband

I ─ 15 個
I (me my mine myself), ice, ice cream, idea, if, important, in, inside, interest, interested, interesting, Internet, into, island, it (its, itself)

J ─ 13 個
jacket, January, jeans, job, jog, join, joy, juice, July, jump, June, junior high school, just

K ─ 16 個
keep, key, kick, kid, kill, kilogram, kind, king, kiss, kitchen, kite, knee, knife, knock, know, knowledge

L ─ 45 個
lake, lamp, land, language, large, last, late, later, laugh, lazy, lead, leader, learn, least, leave, left, leg, lemon, lend, less, lesson, let, letter, library, lie, life, light, like, line, lion, lip, list, listen, little, live, living room, lonely, long, look, lose, loud, love, low, lucky, lunch

M ─ 57 個
machine, magic, mail, mailman (mail carrier), make, man, many, map, March, mark, market, married, math, matter, may (might), May, maybe, meal, mean, meat, medicine, medium, meet, meeting, menu, mile, milk, million, mind, minute, Miss, miss, mistake, modern, moment, Monday, money, monkey, month, moon, more, morning, most, mother (mom, mommy), motorcycle, mountain, mouse, mouth, move, movie, Mr., Mrs., Ms., much, museum, music, must

N ─ 31 個
name, national, near, neck, need, never, new, news, next, nice, night, nine, nineteen, ninety, ninth, no, nobody, nod, noise, noodle, noon, north, nose, not, notebook, nothing, notice, November, now, number, nurse

O ─ 23 個
o’clock, October, of, off, office, officer, often, oil, OK, old, on, once, one, only, open, or, orange, order, other, out, outside, over, own

P ─ 61 個
pack, package, page, paint, pair, pants, paper, parent, park, part, party, pass, past, pay, PE, pen, pencil, people, perhaps, person, pet, piano, pick, picnic, picture, pie, piece, pig, pink, pizza, place, plan, play, player, playground, please, p.m., point, police, polite, poor, popcorn, popular, pork, possible, post office, postcard, pound, practice, prepare, present, pretty, price, problem, program, proud, public, pull, purple, push, put

Q ─ 5 個
queen, question, quick, quiet, quite

R ─ 31 個
rabbit, radio, railway, rain, rainbow, rainy, read, ready, real, really, red, refrigerator, remember, repeat, rest, restaurant, restroom, rice, rich, ride, right, ring, river, road, ROC, room, rose, round, rule, ruler, run

S ─ 125 個
sad, safe, salad, sale, salt, same, sandwich, Saturday, save, say, school, sea, season, seat, second, see, seldom, sell, send, senior high school, sentence, September, serious, seven, seventeen, seventh, seventy, several, shall, shape, share, she (her, hers, herself), sheep, ship, shirt, shoe(s), shop, shopkeeper, short, should, shoulder, show, shy, sick, side, sidewalk, simple, since, sing, singer, sir, sister, sit, six, sixteen, sixth, sixty, size, skirt, sky, sleep, slow, small, smart, smell, smile, smoke, snack, snake, snow, so, socks, sofa, some, someone (somebody), something, sometimes, somewhere, son, song, soon, sorry, sound, soup, south, space, speak, special, spell, spend, spoon, sports, spring, square, stand, star, start, station, stay, steak, still, stomach, stop, store, story, strange, stranger, street, strong, student, study, stupid, successful, sugar, summer, sun, Sunday, sunny, supermarket, sure, surprise, surprised, sweater, sweet, swim

T ─ 72 個
table, Taiwan, take, talk, tall, tape, taste, taxi, tea, teach, teacher, team, teenager, telephone (phone), television (TV), tell, ten, tennis, tenth, test, than, thank, that, the, theater, then, there, these, they (them, their, theirs, themselves), thin, thing, think, third, thirsty, thirteen, thirty, this, those, though (although), thousand, three, Thursday, ticket, tiger, time, tired, to, today, together, tomato, tomorrow, tonight, too, tooth, touch, towel, town, toy, traffic, train, tree, trip, trouble, truck, true, try, Tuesday, turn, twelve, twenty, two, typhoon

U ─ 12 個
umbrella, uncle, under, understand, unhappy, uniform, until, up, USA, use, useful, usually

V ─ 6 個
vacation, vegetable, very, video, visit, voice

W ─ 54 個
wait, waiter, waitress, wake, walk, wall, want, warm, wash, watch, water, way, we (us, our, ours, ourselves), weak, wear, weather, Wednesday, week, weekend, welcome, well, west, wet, what, when, where, whether, which, white, who, whose, why, wife, will (would), win, wind, window, windy, winter, wise, wish, with, without, woman, wonderful, word, work, workbook, worker, world, worry, write, writer, wrong

Y ─ 7 個
year, yellow, yes (yeah), yesterday, yet, you (your, yours, yourself, yourselves), young

Z ─ 1 個
zoo
字 彙 編 列 原 則  

  1. 除了這份依字母排序之字彙表外,課程綱要內還有依主題及詞性分類之字彙表。
  2.  字彙表字數之計算不包含括弧內之字詞。
  3.  Be 動詞和助動詞do, have, can, will, may只列原形,其相關衍生詞均列在其後括弧內,如be (am, are, is, was, were, been)。
  4. 代名詞:I, you, he, she, it, we, they只列主格,其受格、所有格、所有格代名詞和反身代名詞均列在其後括弧內,如 I (me, my, mine, myself)。
  5. 括弧之使用,除以上(3)、(4)項之情形外﹐其餘括弧內之字詞為其前字詞之同義字,如yes (yeah), anyone (anybody)。
  6. 一般動詞均以原形出現,動詞變化不個別列出。
  7. 形容詞均以原形出現,比較級及最高級不個別列出。
  8. 名詞除了少數常以複數形式出現者(如pants)之外,均以單數形式出現。
  9. 本字彙表以主題及詞性分類表列出時,有些跨類的字詞會同時出現於不同類組(如chicken分別列於動物及食物類)。
  10. 片語 (phrase),如get up, as soon as等不在此字彙表列出。
  11. 國名、地名、及語文名稱等專有名詞為數眾多,除了America, China, Taiwan, USA, Chinese, American, English外,其餘不個別列出。
  12. 以複合名詞出現的節慶名稱(如 Chinese New Year)只在主題及詞性分類表列出。字母排序字彙表中則僅列複合名詞之個別單字。
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白雲

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